Glossaire

  • ActiveX controls are components that add dynamic and interactive features to Web pages. With ActiveX tools, multimedia effects, animation, a nd functional applications can be added to Web sites.
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  • Alteration of a browser’s address bar to display a legitimate address. This is done by running a script that removes the browser’s address bar and replaces it with a fake one, which is made up of text or images.
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  • The term adware is short for "advertising-supported software." It refers to any piece of software or application that displays advertisements, usually through pop-up or pop-under windows.
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  • Different vendors often have their own approaches towards malware detection, which may result in different naming conventions. Aliases are other names used to refer to the same threat.
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  • App stores are sites where users browse, download, and buy computing programs or "apps", mostly for mobile devices.
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  • Applications are software programs developed for end-users to accomplish specific computing tasks. Apps, on the other hand, mostly refer to programs developed for mobile devices.
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  • Advanced persistent threats (APTs) refer to a category of threats that pertain to computer intrusions by threat actors that aggressively pursue and compromise chosen targets. APTs are often conducted in campaigns—a series of failed and successful at
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  • This phrase pertains to the manner by which malware are able to infect computer systems. These methods include malware as a result of Internet downloads, other malware, opening email attachments, and using removable drives.
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  • Attachments are files embedded within online communication channels such as emails, instant messages, or social networks. File attachments can come in any form, such as images, documents, or programs.
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  • The AutoRun technology is a Windows operating system feature introduced in Windows 95. It allows Windows Explorer to automatically launch programs from inserted storage drives and other media.
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  • This is a Windows function that allows applications, such as messaging clients, to immediately launch upon startup. Users can control this through a check box upon installation, or on system settings which uses the MSConfig command.
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